Climate change, as now widely proven is one of the major environmental problems faced by the world today. Addressing this problem requires simultaneous efforts of adapting to the changes as well taking steps to follow a developmental path which is low carbon. Governments and developmental agencies are therefore in pursuit of developing such strategies which meet their domestic as well as international climate change mitigation goals.
National level and state level climate change action plans and low emission development strategies are being developed in this regard. Implementation of these plans requires measuring emissions and vulnerabilities, developing robust policies, appropriating domestic budgets, accessing international climate finance (e.g. through NAMAs, INDCs, Multilateral funds etc), developing technology deployment business models and strengthening institutional framework and building capacity of all the stakeholders.
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action
Domestic climate change mitigation actions in form of NAMAs are at the centre of discussions in action plans of various developing countries post-2012 climate regime. NAMAs are voluntary, non-binding policy instruments that provide a framework for pursuing a country’s socio-economic and development goals while contributing towards GHG mitigation efforts. NAMAs were first introduced at the 13th Conference of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP13) in Bali in 2007. Many developing countries are taking steps towards the development and implementation of NAMAs; the NAMAs can help countries’ achieve their growth objectives and participate in the global climate change mitigation agenda. NAMAs help governments leverage national and international support to achieve appropriate, effective and transformational GHG mitigation and sustainable development targets for the country and within communities.
EVI developed the NAMA proposal & facilitated submission to the NAMA Facility in MSW sector. The work entailed developing baseline, estimating finance need, identifying capacity development needs through research and stakeholder consultations.
EVI assisted in development of a framework for analyzing and prioritizing various NAMA interventions in solid waste management sector from GHG mitigation and sustainable development perspective. The key elements of project work included analysis of the existing solid waste management policies, programs and projects along with their drivers and barriers; identification of data gaps; identification of potential actions (on Marginal Abatement Cost curve); and assessing NAMA preparedness at the institutional level.
The NAMA study targeted to deploy renewable energy schemes and achieve electrification in a sustainable manner. EVI assisted to understand National Goals and Strategies for renewable energy development and develop strategies in line with national climate change mitigation priorities. EVI’s work included the assessment of regulatory framework (existing policies, potential policy gaps etc.), stakeholder consultations and support in identifying the key NAMA interventions, implementation structure, NAMA finance and MRV.
EVI worked closely with national and international consultants to support Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF), Myanmar in preparation of fair and ambitious INDC. EVI’s role involved analysis of NATCOM, NAPA and other sector specific policy documents for identification of mitigation actions and adaptation measures and their means of implementation.
The study aimed to map international sources of climate finance, which India could potentially access, provide a comparative analysis with other peer group countries to gauge India’s preparedness to access international climate finance and thus provide recommendations for setting up an appropriate institutional structure for effective access to climate finance.
EVI evaluated the existing PoAs in waste sector registered with UNFCCC for their potential to become NAMAs. The key elements of project work included stakeholder analysis for NAMA implementation, analysis of technologies for their GHG potential, identifying data gaps and assessing NAMA preparedness at the institutional level. It also looked at the financing needs and options to support NAMA development and implementation.
EVI is leading the NAMA development for energy sector covering the two crucial sub-sectors of cooking and energy for homes. Use of non-renewable woodfuel has lead to severe degradation of forest cover in Ghana and the NAMA targets to achieve energy efficiency in the use of woodfuel and thereby preserving forests. Through the solar home systems, country targets to provide access of energy to off grid areas, reducing load on the grid and promotion of renewable energy.
Like many other African countries, Kenya is also facing forest degradation due to the inefficient use of woodfuel for cooking and heating purposes. The NAMA is dealing with the entire Charcoal Value Chain from forests to final consumption in the country to achieve efficiencies and thereby effective GHG emission reductions. EVI provide support in NAMA formulation.
This NAMA aims at providing clean & sustainable energy in the schools of Uganda. EVI is developing baseline and estimating mitigation impact with identifying financing needs, developing financing structure and business models for NAMA.
EVI worked in consortium led by AEA to assist Expert Committee on Low Carbon Inclusive Growth formed by Planning Commission of India in recommending policy options for low carbon sectors including renewable energy and green buildings. EVI also recommended a low carbon institutional framework to the Planning Commission. Under the project EVI conducted policy reviews of each sectors and conducted rigorous consultation with key stakeholders. The policy recommendations were broadly in terms of financial and fiscal incentives, market based measures and institutional restructuring for low carbon growth.
The research assignment involved conducting policy analysis and cost/benefit analysis of proposed carbon taxes and energy efficiency targets. EVI also analyzed the impact of the proposals on old and new ships to ascertain if the age of the ship has any bearing on proposal implementation cost.
The assignment aims to develop a detailed assessment of the financial resources required for implementing the recommendations and strategies outlined in the Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) for two sectors- Agriculture and Animal Husbandry.
The assignment entailed, Identification of sectors likely to get impacted by temperature and precipitation changes in near and long term, Coordination with the state level climate change advisory and steering committees to develop the state action plan and Develop road map for the state to adapt to climate change.
EVI conducted capacity needs assessment of the relevant stakeholders in developing/implementing nationally appropriate mitigation actions/low emission development strategies and measuring, reporting and verification systems for the National Environment Commission Secretariat, Royal Government of Bhutan.
Bhutan had undertaken Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) to identify, assess and prioritize environmentally sound technologies that will, within national development objectives, reduce the impact of climate change and the vulnerabilities associated with it. The objective of this exercise was to come up with a Technology Action Plan (TAP) to implement the prioritized technologies within the overall framework of sustainable development in the country. The project involved developing official climate change mitigation and adaptation “Technology Needs Assessment report and Technology Action Plan” for Bhutan submitted to UNFCCC. http://tech-action.org/about.htm